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呵护血管健康 延长您的寿命

2012-07-23 16:50 来源:互联网 

目录:

第一章:管理血管健康延长您的寿命

第二章:心血管疾病的警示和保健误区

第三章:管理心血管健康最重要

管理血管健康延长您的寿命

心脑血管疾病是影响我们健康和寿命的头号敌人

当前中国人面临的主要健康问题包括人口老龄化、环境污染严重化、英年早逝时尚化、公共卫生事件上升化、新发传染病全球化、不良生活方式泛滥化、肥胖和缺少运动普遍化、精神心理问题大众化、心脑血管疾病和恶性肿瘤年轻化。

慢性病逐渐成为我国医疗卫生事业的最大负担,也是对我们健康的最大威胁。心脑血管疾病是影响健康的头号敌人。据《中国心血管病报告2008~2009》,我国心血管疾病的患病率和死亡率均呈增长态势。目前,我国心血管疾病的患病人数至少有2.3亿,每10个成年人中就有2人是心血管疾病患者。我国为脑卒中高发国,每年新发脑卒中患者至少200万人,现有脑卒中患者至少700万人。每年新发心肌梗死患者至少50万人,现有心肌梗死患者至少200万人。我国每年心血管疾病死亡人数达300万人,每3个死亡者中就有1人死于心血管疾病,其中50%的死亡者与高血压有关。我国每天有8400人死于心血管疾病,也就是说每10.5秒就有1人死于心血管疾病。每年,我国死于心脑血管疾病者为250万~300万人,直接的经济损失高达1300亿元。

对我国心血管疾病家族进行解读不难发现,高血压病患者最多。一项2002年的调查显示,我国成年人高血压患病率为1 8.8%,至少约有2亿人;脑卒中的致残率最高;肺心病的愈后和生活质量较差;心力衰竭比较难控制;冠心病、心肌梗死最凶险。风湿性心脏病主要是心脏瓣膜出了问题,城市比较少见。先天性心脏病在儿童中发病率比较高,但早发现、早治疗预后较好。

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